Chapter 11 Lakeland Business Bankruptcy Lawyer & Business Bankruptcy Law Firm
What is a Chapter 11 Business Bankruptcy? Who would file a Chapter 11 bankruptcy in Lakeland?
A bankruptcy case filed under Chapter 11 of the U.S. Bankruptcy Code will generally be filed by a Lakeland area business, although this chapter is also available to individuals. While a business may choose to file a Chapter 7 bankruptcy (liquidation), it may not file a Chapter 13 bankruptcy (reorganization) because these are reserved for individuals. But it is very common for a business to want to reorganize its debts and stay in business rather than filing a Chapter 7 and liquidating all of its assets. Chapter 11 bankruptcies are available to Polk County businesses for this purpose (i.e., staying in business and restructuring the company's debts). Whether you are a small business or a large business, debt can beome overriding.
There are some famous Chapter 11 bankruptcy cases filed by some high profile companies: Lehman Brothers in 2008 (during the Wall Street collapse); Washington Mutual Bank which was quickly acquired by Chase Bank; and the Enron bankruptcy which brought to light unlawful accounting practices. It doesn't take unlawful accounting practices to get a business, even a small business, into trouble ... the current economy combined with poor bookkeeping and/or lack of financial planning can cause problems and conceal a looming financial crisis for Lakeland businesses.
A business does not have to be completely insolvent before it is allowed to file a Chapter 11 bankruptcy case. Accountants and bookkeepers in the Lakeland, Polk County, Florida, area can provide invaluable financial support to businesses and provide guidance of when it might be time to seek the advice of a qualified Lakeland Chapter 11 bankruptcy attorney. Some Lakeland area financial professionals include:
Derk, Richard CPA PA
Joe's Tax Service
Accounting Insurance & Taxes
Crowe Horwath LLP
Chapter 11 bankruptcies may also be filed by individuals in Lakeland and Polk County (an individual may be an unmarried person, a married person filing alone, or a married couple).
The main reason an individual or married couple would want to file a Ch. 11 bankruptcy instead of a Ch. 13 case is because their debts may exceed the limits allowed in chapter 13 bankruptcy cases. Although similar to ch.13, a Lakeland Chapter 11 bankruptcy is much more complicated and requires the advice of a qualified Lakeland Bankruptcy Attorney.
Common types of creditors in Lakeland, Florida, with whom a person may have very high debts that disqualify them filing a chapter 13 bankruptcy:
Banks and Mortgage Companies such as Ellis American Bank (3221 South Florida Avenue Lakeland, Florida 33803) and First Bank of Lakeland (500 South Florida Avenue Lakeland, Florida 33801).
Car Dealers such as Avis Car Rental (205 W Memorial Boulevard, Lakeland, FL 33815) and Enterprise Rent-A-Car (4997 US Highway 98 N Unit 1, Lakeland, FL 33809).
Jewelry Stores such as Foshee Jewelers (712 N Ingraham Avenue, Lakeland, FL 33801) and Midas Jewelers (4224 Us Highway 98, Lakeland, FL 33809).
The Basics of a Chapter 11 Lakeland Bankruptcy:
A qualified Lakeland Bankruptcy Law Firm will have the expertise to guide their clients through the Chapter 11 bankruptcy process. Here are the common steps for Chapter 11 cases filed in Lakeland and Polk County, Florida (but they may vary depending on specific circumstances):
► The case begins when the petition is filed with the bankruptcy court. Polk County cases are filed with the Florida Middle Bankruptcy Court located in the Sam M. Gibbons United States Courthouse, 801 North Florida Avenue, Tampa, Florida 33602.
► The filing fee of $1,000 and administrative fee of $39 are paid.
► Upon filing of the petition and pursuant to Section 1107 of the bankruptcy code, the debtor assumes the responsibilities normally assigned to a trustee (as in a Chapter 7 or Chapter 11 case) and is known as "debtor in possession." This means the debtor may continue to operate the business, including paying employees.
► The debtor in possession also has the responsibility of filing monthly operating reports with the Court and the U.S. Trustee, filing and paying taxes, and creating a plan for reorganization.
► Although the debtor is given the authority to continue to operate the business in the ordinary course of business, the debtor is expected to do so in a manner in the best interest of all concerned. The interest of the creditors is protected by the formation of various creditor committees. These committees will have much influence on the reorganization plan being developed by the debtor in possession.
► The plan is implemented.
► Confirmation of the plan can also mean discharge of debts incurred prior to confirmation, but there are many variables including whether the debtor is an individual or a business. Your Lakeland Bankruptcy Attorney will advise you on the effects of confirmation of your plan.
Contact a Lakeland Bankruptcy Attorney for advice and consultation about filing a Ch. 11 Polk County Bankruptcy.
Serving clients throughout Central Florida, including Auburndale, Bartow, Combee Settlement, Cypress Gardens, Eagle Lake, Gibsonia, Highland City, Inwood, Kathleen, Lake Alfred, Lakeland, Lakeland, Highlands, Medula, Orangedale, Polk City, Socrum, Wahneta, Winston, Winterhaven, and other communities in Polk County.